There are many male dogs that people are wanting to breed but there are very few true “Stud” dogs. This article is meant to provide detailed information recognizing a Stud dog and what questions you should be asking the Stud owner to determine if their dog is a good candidate to use to stud your bitch.
Most people have no clue the involvement in which responsible breeders go through to maintain a healthy and productive Stud for breeding purposes. Some breeds of canine require little to no effort to keep them active and productive for breeding but with Bull Terriers the opposite is true.
Here are the questions which should be asked when considering to use a particular “Stud Dog”:
– Do you have a Stud Service Contract that I could review?
Every Stud Service contract is going to be different from each breeder. Never assume that every breeder’s policies are the same. If the Stud owner does not have a Stud Service contract this should be a good indicator that they have little to know experience with breeding and studding their dog. It is not recommended to schedule a breeding until both Sire and Dam owners have a complete understanding of the responsibilities of each party and how things will transpire during the breeding, once a litter is born, or if the Dam never even gets pregnant.
– Is your Bull Terrier a proven stud? If so, could you provide his AKC Stud Records?
AKC mandates that breeders maintain a “Stud Record” for any male dog that is bred. The Stud Record should depict every time the Stud mated with a female and the results of all breedings. This information allows people to see if artificial insemination was required or whether natural breeding took place. The Stud Record also allows people to see how successful the stud was during all the breedings he was used as a sire. It should also depict the litter sizes which is an important factor in validating the studs fertility and capabilities as well. Some of the information within the Stud Records can also be validated online within AKC to verify the actual Litters sired by the Stud. The term “Proven Stud” comes from recorded history within registered litters produced by a Stud Dog. A true “Stud Dog” is one who has proven himself through the successful development of many sired litters.
– Has your stud completed all recommended genetic testing? If so, could you provide the records?
No dog regardless if it’s a male or female should even be considered for breeding until genetic health tests are performed to ensure the dog does not carry genetic faults which can be passed down to the offspring which taints the bloodline and significantly jeopardizes the future welfare of the breed. Just because a breeder may say “Yes, all genetic testing has been done” does mean that it has. It is not insulting to ask to see the veterinarian records or documents which validate the actual tests were performed and the results of the tests. For Bull Terriers the common genetic tests that people like to focus on are:
Hearing Test. Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response (BAER) Test.
Heart Test. ECG/Doppler.
Kidney Test. Blood test and analysis for creatine levels.
Luxating Patella. Palpitation test done by a Vet. X-rays if any concerns are noted.